2008年1月18日 星期五

iBT閱讀A本(書號435)解答

Chapter 1

Page 11

1.

(4) waste
2.

(3) energy
3.

(2) comparing the scientific concept to a familiar human experience
4.

(2) the way in which the organism invests its energy resources
5.

(3) distribution
6.

(1) Because their seeds grow in places where competing plants
are no longer present, dandelions are classified as opportunists.
7.

(1) huge
8.

(4) the large number of acorns the tree produces
9.

(2) they spend more energy on their leaves, trunks and roots
than their acorns
10.

(4) have some characteristics of opportunists and some of competitors
11.

(3) Such episodic events will cause a population of dandelions,
for example, to vary widely.
12.

competitors: b, e, h opportunists: c, d, f, i
13.

(3) beasts
14.

(1) Ways
15.

(4) Artists developed special techniques for painting the walls.
16.

(2) To contrast the location of their rock paintings to those
found at Lascaux
17.

(3) They developed their own sources of light to use while painting
18.

(3) Tosuggest a possible explanation for a weakness in an
opinion expressed in the passage
19.

(3) were associated with
20.

(3) Because some of the animals are shown wounded by weapons
21.

(4) To give a possible reason for the strange appearance of the
men painted on the cave walls
22.

(1) to look like an animal while a hunt took place
23.

(3) Too many years have gone by since the images were painted.
24.

(1) This made it easy for the artists to paint and display them
for the rest of the cave dwellers
25.

a, d, e
26.

(4) Collections of wind turbines producing electric power
27.

(3) release
28.

(2) They contain remote areas where the winds rarely die down
29.

(2) These periods provide the opportunity to produce and store
energy for future use
30.

(4) backup systems are needed
31.

(2) Possible solutions are known for both problems.
32.

(3) the killing of birds of prey by wind turbines
33.

(3) Some of the best locations for large wind farms are places
that may cause problems for migrating birds and birds of prey.
34.

(4) To suggest that wind turbines result in relatively few bird deaths
35.

(4) total
36.

(1) estimate
37.

(2) The advantages of wind energy outweigh the disadvantages
38.

(4) Some companies in the power industry are aware of this wider
possibility and are planning sizable wind-farm projects in states
other than California.
39.

a, c, e


Chapter 2

Page 31

1.

(D) means
2.

(A) provides
3.

(A) credited
4.

(A) revealed information about
5.

(A) refer to
6.

(D) however

Page 38

1.

(2) The founder of their religion had been a merchant
2.

(2) roads
3.

(2) Ancient rulers
4.

(1) support the idea that the roads allowed goods to move quickly
5.

(2) Moreover, when fitted with special saddles, camels can carry
heavy loads.
6.

(2) preferred
7.

(2) Inns that offered lodging for merchants and their animals
called caravanserais popped up in major cities in the Islamic word to
accommodate the increased traffic of camel caravans.
8.

(3) they incorporated technology from both the east and the West
9.

(2) visiting
10.

(10) also aided the economic expansion
11.

(3) They allowed business partners to trade goods without having
to meet with each other.
12.

(4) They wanted to limit their potential losses.
13.

(2)Muslim merchants developed a trading network that connected
three continents.
14.

d, e, g

Page 46

1.

(1) less than ten percent
2.

(1) cells
3.

(3) heart surgery which limits the amount of activities people can enjoy
4.

(1) level
5.

(1) be enough
6.

(2) a worry of becoming fat
7.

(2) They believe they are fat.
8.

(3) Such a distorted self-image may prevent recognition of the
need for medical help
9.

(2) die quickly
10.

(3) teens and children
11.

(3) They cannot maintain their strict diet without binging.
12.

(2) rotten teeth
13.

(2) unnatural ways of getting rid of foods ingested
14.

(3) rip open
15.

OBESITY=>b, e ANOREXIA NERVOSA=>c, k, j BULIMIA NEROSA=>a, i


Chapter 3

Page 55

1.

(A) To resolve a dispute
2.

(B) The information Muybridge relates may not be true

Page 57

1.

(B) increasing mobility
2.

(D) instantly
3.

(B) drilled
4.

(A) octo pus's ability to squeeze through tiny spaces.

Page 58

1.

(D) Massive changes on land caused the extinction of many species.

Page 59

1.

(C ) Why is the loon able to fly so fast?
2.

(C ) the location of its legs

Page 63

1.

(1) To demonstrate how important metals have been to human
culture and technological development
2.

(2) tiny
3.

(3) used
4.

(2) In the United States
5.

(4) Sand is much more than metallic minerals
6.

(2) extracted
7.

(3) products with sulfuric acid
8.

(1) Heat and pressure transform the remnants of living things in
to oil, coal, and gas; therefore, these resources are considered
organic.
9.

(3) Because they are an important resource
10.

(1) They have a potential to paralyze a country's economic power
under some circumstance.
11.

(1) circumstances under which economically desperate countries
mine minerals
12.

b, j, a, c, g, d, i

Page 69

1.

(1) They came from Africa.
2.

(2) Important animals native to the Middle East
3.

(3) people who did not know each other at all
4.

(3) animal domestication and agriculture changed earlier human's
living style.
5.

(3) For non-nomadic people, possessions were no longer a burden,
and these people began amassing things including works of art.
6.

(2) people
7.

(1) temporary
8.

(2) wars
9.

(2) Established settlements developed better stone weapons.
10.

(2) To underscore the need for defense in early Middle Eastern societies
11.

(3) The Middle Eastern languages.
12.

c, a, d


Chapter 4

Page 75

1.

(B) scientists were uncertain if an asteroid really had hit the earth.

Page 76

1.

(C) In paragraph 1, he author suggests that Susan B. Anthony
2.

(D) 1906

Page 81

1.

(C) The marks gave the wearer a feeling of close relationship with others.

Page 83

1.

(C) Legislators had to be careful when dealing with issues
between the northern and southern states.

Page 87

1.

(2) regularly
2.

(2) racial unrest
3.

(3) constant
4.

(4) Developed nations are worried these nations will use the
money to support their military
5.

(3) suggest that Africa's population grows too fast
6.

(1) People have farmed the land too much make it less productive.
7.

(3) foolish
8.

(1) It has interrupted the production of critical food stuffs.
9.

(2) It has forced African government to limit its aid for poor people.
10.

(1) Governments must reduce costs.
11.

(2) For that reason, in 2000 the major industrial nations and
the World Bank initiated a program to forgive the debts of some of
these nations, on the condition that they end warfare and use the
savings in interest and principal to ease the plight of their
populations.
12.

c, e, f

Page 96

1.

(2) society's
2.

(2) respond to
3.

(2) deciding how a society's resources can be best use to
service its people.
4.

(2) how leaders of the government are chosen
5.

(3) indicate the difficulties to adhere to communism principles
6.

(6) in theory
7.

(2) Its economic system is in transition.
8.

(1) allows
9.

(3) Business would not be subject to regulatory law.
10.

(2) Because individuals own most business and determine the
direction of the economy
11.

(4) not completely communist, socialist, or capitalist
12.

(4) Perhaps as a result, many socialist countries are also
experiencing economic turmoil.
13.

communist => d, e, i Socialist => f, g Capitalist => g, h


Chapter 5

Page 106

1.

(B) The building can be supported by steel bars in order to
maintain structural continuity so that it can shake as a whole entity.
2.

(A) The cratered surface of the moon has virtually preserved a
record of interplanetary traffic over the past three billion years.
3.

(A) Continuing interest in the moon is maintained by the
possible existence of water and the moon's potential role as a midway
station for interplanetary missions.

Page 109

1.

The following sentence can be added to paragraph 2.

As of the mid-1990's, the entire Internet encompassed millions of
computers in over 130 countries across the world.

Page 114

1.

(2) question
2.

(3) Native American believed that their civilization was
flourishing prior to the arrival of Europeans.
3.

(4) They didn't believe Indians were advanced enough to support
a population more than a million.
4.

(2) The author implies Mooney's number is too exact.
5.

(2) They did not think the Europe present was as destructive as
later scholars.
6.

(1) a huge drop in the number of people in their community
7.

(2) But in the 1960s and 1970s, scholars discovered that the
early tribes had been catastrophically decimated by European plagues
not long after the arrival of Columbu—that the numbers Europeans
obersved even in the late 1500s were already dramatically smaller than
the numbers in 1492.
8.

(2) careful
9.

(3) On average, scholars estimate there were between 50 and 70
million natives prior to Columbus's arrival.
10.

(2) unequaled
11.

(3) The estimates of the pre-1492 population have a direct
impact on our understanding of how Europeans destroyed native American
population.
12.

a, e, c

Page 122

1.

(1) to allow the winner a total victory
2.

(3) decision
3.

(1) the law
4.

(2) arbitration
5.

(3) Court decisions allow parties to stay out of the news.
6.

(3) united into
7.

(1) overpowered
8.

(3) To illustrate what kind of issue is used in mediation
9.

(3) They are normally considered at a disadvantage in dispute resolutions.
10.

(3) dangers
11.

(1) Everyone's opinion would carry equal weight.
12.

(2) Moreover, unlike other forms of dispute, mediation gives the
illusion that all parts are equal.
13.

a, e, b, c, f


Chapter 6

Page 131

1.

(C) The source of hughes' inspiration

Page 133 => a, c, f

Page 138 => b, d, g, a, f

Page 141

1.

(1) It began while he was conducting another experiment.
2.

(2) activate
3.

(2) have likely had observations similar to pavlov's
4.

(4) being followed by
5.

(2) This because the salivation is an automatic response to the food.
6.

(1) To prove withdrawal response could be conditioned to become
associated with painful or negative stimulus
7.

(3) The arrangement of Pavlov's experiment on classical
conditioning allowed him to explore other important things.
8.

(4) Animals can learn to ignore stimuli that are similar to the
conditioned stimulus, but are never followed by the unconditioned
stimulus.
9.

(1) the conditioned stimulus will eventually become a neutral stimulus
10.

(1) to tell the difference between
11.

(2) child
12.

(2) provide an example of how the principals of classical
conditioning can be used to treat people
13.

2,4,5

Page 149

1.

(1) Paleontology and paleoanthropology
2.

(3) Scientists must compare fossils with the other dated
artifacts found nearby.
3.

(1) stratum
4.

(1) built up
5.

(2) In other words, the fossils in a given stratum are younger
than those in the layers below and older than those in the layers
above.
6.

(3) The first discovered fossils are unable to be dated using
relative-dating techniques.
7.

(2) Carbon-14 dating can be unstable.
8.

(2) Animals eat plants and other animals that have carbon-14 atoms.
9.

(3) carbon-14 turns into nitrogen-14 relatively quickly
10.

(3) The mummy of a cat uncovered in Cairo.
11.

(2) not accurate
12.

(3) give
13.

Stratigraphic dating=>a, d, e Carbon-14 dating=>b, f
Potassium-argon dating=>g, i

2 則留言:

匿名 提到...

Hi~老師

好像漏掉幾頁的答案
P78.79.109.110.111

PS:雖然好像上完A版一陣子了
不過作了題目還是想對一下答案

謝謝~

白樺老師的英語網站 提到...

P.78: AB
p.79: A
p.109: 4
p.110: 6
p.111: 4